Digital Primary Sources Workshop
(Time: approximately 2.5 hours)
Preliminary Task (If this is the first workshop in the series.)
By the end of the Digital Primary Sources Workshop, each participant will be able to:
1. define & identify characteristics of a primary source.
2. cite at least three ways primary sources can enhance classroom instruction.
3. explain four “unique and compelling” ways the Internet can be used to enhance classroom instructional activities.
4. explain to others the Library of Congress’ National Digital Library Program and An Adventure of the American Mind Program.
I. Go over Workshop Objectives
II. Primary Sources - What are they and why use them in my classroom?
a. Introductory Activity (30 minutes)
b. Activity Worksheet (Print page 6 of the pdf version of the article.)
a. Participants should divide into pairs.
b. Pass out the handouts
c. With the whole group, complete the sections titled,
i. Reading the Photograph: what do you see?
ii. Connecting to the textbook: what do you see?
d. Have the partners complete the section titled: Exploring the photo: what have you learned?
e. Have partners share their poetic description.
b. What are Primary Sources? (45 minutes)
WebQuest Activity: Discovering Primary Sources
1. Discuss the handout: Analyzing Primary Source Materials
2. Working in pairs, each group completes the Discovering Primary Sources WebQuest.
3. Each group shares their product, summarizing their findings.
c. Stevens Study - Justifying Internet in the classroom. (30 minutes)
PowerPoint: Internet-Based Instructional Activities
Note: Emphasize the findings of this study as the basis of training teachers to utilize the Internet for classroom instructional activities that are enhanced because of Internet use.
d. An Adventure of the American Mind program (30 minutes)
Note: Background information on the Library of Congress National Digital Library Program, An Adventure of the American Mind program, and an overview of the types of primary source documents found on the American Memory website.
a. Review objectives
a. Define & identify characteristics of a primary source.
1. Actual records that survived from the past that was created by someone close to or at the event.
a. Created by someone at or close to the event.
b. Created at the time of the event (or shortly after).
b. Cite at least three ways primary sources can enhance classroom instruction.
1. Students construct their own ideas
2. Leads students to active learning
3. enhances critical thinking
4. increases student motivation and interest
c. Explain four “unique and compelling” ways the Internet can be used to enhance classroom instructional activities.
1. Real-time data
2. Tele-collaborative projects
3. Student web publishing
4. Access to primary sources
d. Explain to others the Library of Congress’ National Digital Library Program and An Adventure of the American Mind Program.
1. The Library of Congress National Digital Library Program (NDLP) is assembling a digital library of reproductions of primary source materials to support the study of the history and culture of the United States. Begun in 1995 after a five-year pilot project, the program began digitizing selected collections of Library of Congress archival materials that chronicle the nation's rich cultural heritage.
2. The Adventure of the American Mind (AAM) project is designed to train in-service and pre-service classroom teachers and college teacher education faculty to access, use and produce curriculum utilizing the Internet and the digitized primary source materials from the collections of the Library of Congress.
b. Take questions
Have participants complete the Digital Primary Sources Workshop evaluation.