Teaching English with an English Degree
The National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) Beliefs Statement emphasizes the role of English teachers as providing access “to the intellectual traditions and debates that inform English and education;” conveying the realities of “English studies [as] a contested subject that encompasses multiple fields of inquiry and ideological perspectives;” and encouraging “the teaching of classic literary texts when appropriate, in addition to other valued literary genres.”
- With a B.A. in English, you are qualified to teach English and English Language Arts in grades 7 through 12 in some private/parochial school settings. A B.A. in English also qualifies you for programs leading to teacher certification, including the post-baccalaureate certification program at USC Upstate, the PACE program, GATE program, Teach for America, VISTA, Teachers of Tomorrow, certification programs, and master's programs, such as the M.A.T. Students who have completed all of the relevant coursework (especially grammar, development of the English language, creative writing, and linguistics) may also complete the state Department of Education's online preparation program completer or alternative certification programs. Our graduates teach in Boiling Springs, Spartanburg, Greenville, Columbia, Charlotte and throughout South Carolina.
- With a M.A. in English or M.A.T. in English, you are qualified to teach college writing in most two-year and community colleges and in many four-year colleges.
- With a Ph.D. in English, you are qualified to teach university courses. With a Ph.D. in English Education, you are qualified to teach future teachers in college and university education departments.
Students should consider their goals for graduate education and select a program that offers the desired specializations. Specializations range from reading and literacy, to curriculum and instruction, to Teaching English as a Second Language.
- Search directories of English Education graduate programs to find schools with relevant programs. Gradschools.com offers a directory of Teaching English Graduate Programs.
- Research individual programs through websites and published materials.
- Consider needs for financial support.
- At the graduate level, programs may offer research or teaching assistantships that may make out-of-state programs more affordable than in-state ones. Most programs list financial support opportunities on their Web sites, but also feel free to contact program directors to ask for more information about possible support.
- Working teachers should also research funding assistance through your school district or state.
- Also, contact your student loan adminstrators for undergraduate and graduate loans. Many loan programs offer loan reductions or forgiveness for teachers who work in high needs areas.
- Match your level of teaching experience to the requirements of the programs. Some programs require between 2-5 years of teaching experience before entering the graduate program.
- In the junior year of study, English majors interested in graduate school for teaching should consider whether to attend graduate school after college or to pursue a particular position within the field. Students who wish to pursue higher education immediately should look into the requirements for specific graduate schools or job positions to ensure that your elective courses are preparing you for the future.
- English majors have room for an minor and several electives in addition to major requirements. Familiarize yourself as much as possible with the area of English you intend to pursue after graduation, and use your minor and electives to help build skills and gain experience in that area.
- Students who major in English but are interested in pursuing careers in teaching may also complete internships and service learning courses in area schools. Contact the Department Chair or your advisor for more options.
- Though each school has different requirements, the general requirements for entrance into graduate school are listed below.
- Completion of undergraduate studies
- Recommendation letters from professors and mentor teachers in the schools Completion of the GRE general test.
- Work with your advisor to prepare your statement of purpose or application essay. Drew and Karen Appleby list several tips for avoiding application mistakes in "Kisses of Death in the Graduate School Application Process," published in Teaching of Psychology 33.1 (2006): 19-24. Several online communities also offer advice and serve as a sounding board for students applying to graduate school.
- Select and edit a 10-page writing sample for English programs. Consult your advisor for help in selecting and editing your sample.