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Core Requirement 2.11.2

The institution has adequate physical resources to support the mission of the institution and the scope of its programs and services. (Physical Resources)    

Judgement: Compliant


The University of South Carolina Upstate (USC Upstate) has adequate physical resources to implement the mission and support the programs and services for current enrollment.  This finding is based on assessment of physical resources available including land and campus facilities, strategic facilities planning, growth of facilities consistent with enrollment, and appropriate space allocations.

Land Acquisitions
In the first twenty-one years, 1967 to 1988, major acquisitions were made that established the primary footprint for the Spartanburg campus.  In the last twenty-three years, 1988 to 2011, a number of contiguous land acquisitions and exchanges have taken place to further define campus boundaries and core areas.  For master plan development, surveys of campus land were done that corrected earlier survey information and adjusted for acreage provided to the state and county for road construction.  The surveys dated January 31, 2008 and November 30, 2009 determined that the Spartanburg campus is comprised of 330 acres of land (Land Acreage Changes, 1967-2010).

Master Plan Development
The University has a master plan, updated annually, that defines spaces for academic, support services, recreation, athletic, housing, parking, and other facilities with an infrastructure network for roads, utilities and technology (USC Upstate Master Plan, August 2010).  Revisions to the master plan include capital projects and land acquisitions.

Growth in Campus Facilities
In total, USC Upstate has over 1.1 million square feet of gross space for programs and services and 736,759 square feet in educational and general space with a replacement cost for buildings of $184 million. Over the past five years, from 2005 to 2010, gross space increased by 47% and educational and general space increased by 55% (Facilities Growth by Gross Square Feet 1968-2010, Facilities Growth by Educational and General Square Feet, 2000-2010).

In addition to the space managed by the University, educational space is provided for programs at the USC Upstate Greenville Campus and USC Sumter.  At USC Sumter, USC Upstate uses six offices and two classrooms, approximately 2,700 square feet, to provide education programs.  At the USC Upstate Greenville Campus, 15,504 square feet is dedicated space for USC Upstate faculty offices and laboratories. General classroom and support space is also provided.
(Adequacy of Physical Resources)

Non-residential programs occupy 809,612 gross square feet in 22 buildings at the residential campus site and one academic building in downtown Spartanburg (Non-Residential Facilities). In addition, USC Upstate has about 15,000 square feet of dedicated space and shares classrooms and other academic spaces with member institutions in the University Center of Greenville.

Two dormitory-style residential buildings and twelve apartment-style buildings totaling 286,060 square feet are available for student housing (Residential Facilities). These facilities accommodate up to 1,044 students.  The two dormitory facilities accommodate 700 students, primarily freshmen.  As living and learning environments, these facilities have study areas, a computer lab, classrooms, and other service areas.

Campus Facilities
The campus facilities are listed below. Visitors to the USC Upstate website can view an interactive campus map (available online only).

Academic  Institutional Support, Student Services and Public Services  
College of Arts & Sciences Building   John C. Stockwell Administration Building  
G.B. Hodge Center   Burroughs Child Development Center  
George Dean Johnson, Jr. College of  
     Business and Economics  
Olin B. Sansbury, Jr. Campus Life Center  
Health Education Complex   Dr. Lawrence E. Roël Garden Pavilion  
Horace C. Smith Science Building   Facilities Management Complex  
Humanities & Performing Arts Center   Health Services  
Library Building   John M. Rampey Center  
Media Building   Smith Farmhouse  
The P. Kathryn Hicks Visual Arts Center   Support Facility  
University Readiness Center   University Services Building  
Recreation and Open Space   Residential  
Amphitheater   Magnolia House  
Cleveland S. Harley Baseball Park   Palmetto House  
County University Soccer Stadium   Villas  
Cyrill Softball Stadium    
Louis P Howell Athletic Complex    
Susan Jacobs Arboretum    
Tennis Complex    
Youth Soccer and Intramural Fields    
Upstate Rotary International Peace Park   

Sources of Funding for Capital Projects
Based on the original costs, over $150 million has been invested in campus facilities from a number of sources including state, federal, Spartanburg County, the USC Upstate Foundation, and the University.


Space Allocation Plan and Changes
To align program space needs with available physical resources, a professional planning and design service developed a Space Utilization Study for the campus during 2008-09.  The work included an assessment of space and projected future space needs based on proposed program changes.  This plan included the relocation of programs to new facilities and the renovation of vacated spaces for other purposes.  These facility developments were included for implementation in the University’s strategic plan, the campus master plan, and capital budgets.  One major change was the addition of the Health Education Complex that opened fall 2008.  Housed in the academic wing are the Mary Black School of Nursing and the School of Education.  A Wellness Center was included in the Health Education Complex.  The Mary Black School of Nursing had occupied a smaller academic building of 24,576 square feet which was converted to faculty offices, psychology labs, and administrative support for the College of Arts and Sciences.

In order to serve students more effectively, admissions, financial aid, registration, cashier, bookstore, and other services were moved from the Stockwell Administration Building and the Sansbury Campus Life Center to the Health Education Complex.  This move in 2009 allowed the consolidation of Information Technology areas on the first floor of the Stockwell Administration Building and improved spaces for academic support, advancement, human resources, business affairs, and other services.  The bookstore’s relocation created a large area in the Sansbury Campus Life Center for student activities further focusing its student service purposes.

In the summer of 2010, the George Dean Johnson, Jr. College of Business and Economics relocated with all new office and classroom furniture and technology equipment to a new facility in downtown Spartanburg.  The Johnson College of Business and Economics and the School of Education were formerly housed in the Media Building which was also renovated for the College of Arts and Sciences.

A service building, purchased by the USC Upstate Foundation and leased to the University, was renovated for campus receiving, mail services, warehousing, and other functions.  The vacated space became the permanent home for University Public Safety and Parking.

Other academic space changes and improvements included smart classrooms, additional science laboratories in the Smith Building, a new digital lab in the Visual Arts Center, and a new sound system in the Humanities and Performing Arts Theater. 

Growth in Academic Facilities
Growth in facilities supports the growth in enrollment.  Over the past ten years, FTE enrollment increased by 61% compared to the increase in educational and general space of 62%.  Most of this change occurred in the past five years, giving academic programs relatively new facilities with a 55% increase in education and general space with a 21% increase in enrollment during that period.   As a result, much progress was made on educational space per student (Educational and General Space per FTE, 2000-10).


The number of classrooms and laboratories on campus increased significantly in the last five years with an increase in classrooms from 64 to 108, and an increase in laboratories from 26 to 38 (Classroom Space and Utilization from 2000 to 2010, Laboratory Space and Utilization from 2000 to 2010).


There are four distance-learning classrooms on the residential campus and two at the USC Upstate Greenville campus controlled and managed by USC Upstate for a total of six sites.  In addition, USC Upstate uses two distance-learning classrooms at USC Sumter and one in the Johnson College of Business and Economics.  Of the other classrooms, 87% have “smart technology” equipment including a ceiling mounted projector, screen, computer, DVD player, document camera, speakers, and lectern.  Several modular classroom buildings were used during construction and building renovations and will be phased out.  With the new facilities, average weekly utilization of classroom space was improved.  

New construction and building renovations provided adequate program space to support enrollment changes and University needs.  However, additional education and general space will be needed in the future.  A 2009 comparison of education and general facilities per FTE indicated that USC Upstate was 32% or about 300,000 square feet below the average among the South Carolina public comprehensive institutions (Educational and General Space per FTE Comparison for 2009).  This difference was related to years of operation, enrollment growth, and state capital improvement funding.  USC Upstate has grown more in recent years compared to other institutions but received a lower amount of state capital improvement funds.  Additional state capital funding has been requested.  The primary request for a new library and the renovation of the existing library currently ranks 10th among all projects for higher education institutions (State Permanent Improvement Plan Requests for 2010-11).  The State Legislature has not authorized a capital bond bill in the past ten years, delaying the implementation of this master plan project.  In 1999, $1 million was provided and used for a program study and preliminary design (Summary of State Funding for Capital Projects for USC Upstate, 1968-2011).

Allocation of Space for Instruction and Academic Support Programs
Building and room inventory information is updated annually by Facilities Management including changes in room uses and addition or removal of facilities.  This information is reported to the South Carolina Commission on Higher Education (SCCHE).  Of the assignable space for 2009, excluding residential and other such areas, the largest uses were 73% for instruction and 9% for academic support programs (Assignable Area by Program for 2009, Excluding Residential Facilities).


The percentage of space allocated for instruction was the highest among all South Carolina public comprehensive institutions.  The percentage for instruction and academics combined ranks among the highest in the group with 83% of assignable space, well above the average of 70% (Assignable Area by Program for 2009 Comparison, Excluding Residential Facilities).


Equipment and Technology Resources
Based on a replacement cost assessment for insurance purposes, building contents available for programs are valued at $42.9 million with an additional $4 million for technology equipment.  New furniture was purchased and installed at the time of occupancy for new academic and housing facilities including the Health Education Complex, Magnolia House, Palmetto House, and the Johnson College of Business and Economics.  Furniture replacements are managed by Facilities Management and academic equipment by the respective units.  These needs are addressed as required in annual budget development activities.  Technology equipment is managed by the Vice Chancellor for Information Technology including implementation plans and replacement cycles.

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